News

Demand for Artemia Cysts

The harvest ban of Artemia cysts in Great Salt Lake in (hereafter "GSL) was removed on Oct. 1, and the harvest seemed to be going stably.
But actually the situation seems not to be as it was. We are prospecting the future demand situation in Japan as follows based on the current harvest situation and information from the harvester.


The current situation
DWR reported to the Artemia cysts harvesters on Oct. 31 as follows
"On the South Arms of GSL is mentioned in Table 1. The prospect of significant reproduction during the rest of the Fall is unlikely. The weather has caused lake temperatures to approach 50F Production is slowed substantially when this happens, based on laboratory studies. The numbers of all life stages of shrimp are diminishing, as the counts demonstrate.
Most of you have reported difficulty capturing the cysts this year, relative to past seasons. The weather has not been as favorable for harvesting conditions either.
We will continue to sample and advise you of the results. Harvesting on the lake and beach will continue.
Though October 30, a total of 14,380,309 pounds of biomass has been harvested; 7,816,966 pounds from the lake and 6,563,343 pounds from the beach."
 
(Table1)
Cysts 62.61
Nauplii 0.02
Juveniles 0.13
Males 0.62
Females 0.63
Females w/cysts 0.06
The harvest is expected to continue for the time being. DWR shall prohibit harvesting when the cyst counts is less than 20cysts/L.
On the other hand one of the harvesters reported "Many adult shrimp and their corpses are found in the harvested cysts and the harvest efficiency is not so good. Furthermore, now the cysts seem to be going down to the bottom of the lake not to be come up to the surface, and canユt be harvested. I flied on the surface and tried to find the line-formed groups of cysts, but we couldnユt find even them. Actually most of the harvesters seem to give up harvesting, and are waiting for the lake condition to be improved.
In the newest report of DWR on Nov. 11, DWR reported as follows.
"A total of 15,117,901 pounds of biomass has been harvested; 8,064,225 pounds from the lake, 7,037,676 pounds from the beach, and 16,000 pounds form the other points of the lake. The cyst counts is 141cysts/L." According to this report the harvest is as big as last year, but the problem is how many refined cysts are available. The harvest of last year was also big but their hatching rates were not so high, especially the highest hatching rate cysts for Japan canユt be harvested well, which means that the most of the best quality eggs (hatching rate 90%up) sold in Japan now were harvested in the year before last. (Fall in 2002).


Prospect
  Under the situation mentioned above the offer prices from the harvest places have been rising since the middle of October. World widely there can be seen many factors of the price rising as follows.
  1. In China the Artemia cysts domestically harvested are in a short supply due to the increasing domestic demand, and China has changed from an export country to an import country.
  2. The harvest of the CIS Artemia cysts has been declining due to the environmental change.
  3. The best quality cysts for exporting to Japanese are in a very short supply.
This situation is not unfavorable for Japanese consumers suffering from the deflation caused by this depression, but the fluctuation in price depending on harvests is unavoidable due to "Natural Resource". We will continue to make every effort to gather accurate information and reduce damages on consumers to a minimum.

(TABLE2) ARTEMIA CYST IMPORT STATISTICS (kg)
  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
U.S.A 50,583 61,736 55,498 73,604 50,980 74,669 71,772 65,172 47,169 44,973 29,916 49,357 48,938
ARGENTINE 100               210 1,001 210    
U.K.     868       151 23 102 6      
AUSTRALIA                          
CANADA 619                        
KOREA     272                    
THAILAND                 1,020 918 15,504 341 3,664
TAIWAN 2,327 3,854 3,607                   375
CHINA 1,400 2,800 210 300 300 460         8,148 2,852 500
GERMAN           800     180 259      
PHILIPPINES                 690        
VIET NAM       260 260           1,002 724 24
BELGIUM             182   180 510      
HONG KONG       440   48         658    
MALAYSIA                   1,020      
TOTAL 55,029 68,390 60,455 74,604 51,540 75,977 72,105 65,195 49,551 48,687 55,438 53,274 53,501
REPORTED BY MINISTRY OF FINANCE JAPAN

* State of Utah Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife Resources